James Weldon Johnson was an influential African-American author, educator, and civil rights activist. Born in 1871, his literary works celebrated Black culture and denounced racial discrimination. Johnson is best known for writing the lyrics to "Lift Every Voice and Sing," often referred to as the Black National Anthem. He also co-authored "The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man," a groundbreaking novel exploring the complexities of racial identity. As an educator, Johnson served as a principal and professor, dedicating his life to promoting equal education opportunities for Black students. His tireless efforts in the civil rights movement paved the way for social justice progress. Discover more about this remarkable figure in American history and his invaluable contributions to the Black community.