Samuel Butler (1835-1902) was an English novelist, essayist, and satirist. Best known for his novel "Erewhon" (1872), Butler's work explored themes of Victorian society, Darwinism, and the nature of progress. He possessed a keen wit and a knack for social commentary that made his writings both insightful and entertaining. In addition to his novels, Butler also wrote philosophical essays like "The Way of All Flesh" (1903), which challenged conventional religious and societal norms. A progressive thinker ahead of his time, Butler continues to captivate readers with his thought-provoking ideas and incisive observations about human nature.